World Values Survey дети

World Values Survey.

Study: Important Childhood Traits by Country.

Description and selection

In this study, we will try to understand how raising children differ in different countries and what may influence this.

The World Values ​​Survey is an international non-profit organization engaged in sociological surveys in the participating countries.

We got in our hands the dataset of their survey, which they conducted from 2014 to 2018 in 60 countries of the world. In it, 89,565 people answered 100 questions!

For the convenience of visualization, we have selected several interesting countries for us. The table shows how many respondents answered in each country. For example, in Russia, this survey was completed by 2,500 people. The sample is evenly distributed between gender, age and city size.

World Values Survey сountries

{Used Python, Pandas}

Important qualities of children

In this survey, the respondent was shown a card and asked the following question:

Here is a list of qualities that can be raised in children in a family. Do you find any of them particularly important? You can choose up to five qualities!

World Values Survey qualities

Summary table by country and answers to these questions. The value of the table indicates the percentage of respondents who chose this quality.

World Values Survey table

The column "Diligence" and its low value in Germany and Sweden are immediately evident. Since it is generally believed that in these countries people are quite hardworking. I would like to explain this by the theory of “I-concept” by Abraham Maslou (Maslov), more specifically by the absence of a conflict between “I am real” and “I am ideal”. Quite often, you can find statements that parents are trying to realize themselves at the expense of their children, with the addition of Maslow's theory, it can be argued that some parents can bring up in children the qualities that they want to see in themselves. This is due to the conflict between “I am real” and “I am ideal,” notices the shortcomings in others that he does not like in himself. And so it turns out that the respondents from Germany and Sweden just did not even notice this quality, because it is already there. It is difficult to say how often such a mechanism works, certainly not every time.

Let's try to visualize this table using Correspondence Analysis. Horizontal axis explained variance: 59%, Vertical axis explained variance: 16% This means that horizontal distance is more important than vertical distance. For example, Russia is much closer to the United States than Brazil, since they are closer horizontally.

Correspondence Analysis

We've got several clusters that lie on the axis of the graph. Horizontal axis: independence and obedience, Vertical axis: industriousness-economy and imagination.

It is worth noting that in any analysis of this poll, Russia and Ukraine are always close to each other.

The next picture is dedicated to correlation lovers :) The bluer the color, the higher the positive relationship. Significant relationship from 0.6 module. For example, Algeria (Algeria) is very similar to Nigeria, Iraq, Brazil and is not similar at all to Japan, Germany and Sweden.

World Values Survey R

Perhaps this distribution of important childhood traits depends on the feeling of well-being in these countries. Let's check it out! The survey has a question -

"How satisfied are you with the financial situation of your family?"

It's worth noting that the question is about the feeling, not fact.

The respondent needs to choose a number from 1 to 10 (1 - Completely not satisfied, 10 - Completely satisfied) Answers to this question by country are presented in the table.

World Values Survey countries answers

Let's break down the data on this question and important qualities for children and group the answers to the question about the financial situation as follows:
Answer options 1-4 will be 0 {Not satisfactory},
Answer options 5-7 will be 1 {Neutral},
Answer options 8 -10 will be 2 {Satisfied}.

World Values Survey questions

It turns out that the higher the feeling of well-being, the more important qualities become: imagination and independence. And less hard work, economy and obedience

Let's break down now by country, by answers to the question about the financial condition and important qualities for children. Let's remove a few countries for simplicity of visualization.

World Values Survey answers

And now Correspondence Analysis. Horizontal axis explained variance: 72%, Vertical axis explained variance: 16%

Correspondence Analysis World Values Survey

There is no relationship between feelings of financial well-being and the choice of important childhood traits. All levels of countries are close to each other and this means that aspects of raising children lie in the cultural mentality of each country. And how this already affects the country is a question of another study.

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